Saliency-Based Image Retrieval as a Refinement to Content-Based Image Retrieval

Mohammad A. N. Al-Azawi

Abstract

Searching for an image in a database is important in different applications; hence, many algorithms have been proposed to identify the contents of the image. In some applications, but not all, identifying the content of the image as a whole can offer good results. Searching for an object inside the image is more important in most applications than identifying the image as a whole. Therefore, studies focused on segmenting the image into small sub-images and identified their contents. In view of the concepts of human attention, various literature defined saliency as a computer representation of it, where different algorithms were developed to extract the salient regions. These salient regions, which are the regions that attract human attention, are used to identify the most important regions that contain important objects in the image. In this paper, we introduce a new algorithm that utilises the saliency principles to identify the contents of an image and search for similar objects in the images stored in a database. We also demonstrate that the use of salient objects produces better and more accurate results in the image retrieval process. A new retrieval algorithm is therefore presented here, focused on identifying the objects extracted from the salient regions. To assess the efficiency of the proposed algorithm, a new evaluation method is also proposed which considers the order of the retrieved image in assessing the efficiency of the algorithm.

Keywords

Image Saliency, Human Attention, Image Retrieval, Histogram Features

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Copyright (c) 2021 Mohammad A. N. Al-Azawi