Haar Hybrid Transform Based Melanoma Identification Using Ensemble of Machine Learning Algorithms

Sudeep D Thepade, Gaurav Ramnani, Shubham Mandhare

Abstract

Traditional methods of disease diagnosis can be time-intensive, error prone and invasive to the subject. These methods are also prejudiced by the doctor’s subjectivity. These issues can be resolved by using automated diagnosis methods. There is a considerable dearth of medical experts today, especially in the rural areas. The use of computing technology may help to assist in the diagnostic process. This paper proposes the utilization of computers to detect melanoma skin cancer. Melanoma skin cancer can be fatal, especially in its later stages. However, it shows a high recovery rate when it is detected in its early stages. Considering the lack of medical professionals, early diagnosis of melanoma may be tried using machine learning algorithms. This paper explores hybrid wavelet transform based melanoma identification using ensemble of machine learning algorithms. The hybrid wavelet transform is produced using Discrete Cosine Transform and Haar Wavelet Transform as its components. The sizes of both components are varied from 4x4 to 128x128 to obtain the hybrid wavelet transorm. Experimentation performed on the transformed dermoscopy skin images with machine learning algorithms and their ensembles gives rise to a total of 196 variations. Overall, if the average of the metrics accuracy, sensitivity and specificity is considered, the SVM algorithm using the hybrid transform of Haar 8x8 and DCT 64x64 gives the best performance, followed by the SVM algorithm using hybrid transform of Haar 128x128 and DCT 4x4.

Keywords

Melanoma Skin Cancer, Machine Learning, Ensemble, Dermoscopy Skin Images, Image Transforms, Feature Extraction

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Copyright (c) 2020 Sudeep D Thepade, Gaurav Ramnani, Shubham Mandhare